Extremely Rare and Important Jacob Greenland, Cassville, PA Stoneware "People" Churn

October 26, 2019 Stoneware Auction

Lot #: 43

Price Realized: $2,950.00

($2,500 hammer, plus 18% buyer's premium)

PLEASE NOTE:  This result is 4 years old, and the American ceramics market frequently changes. Additionally, small nuances of color, condition, shape, etc. can mean huge differences in price. If you're interested in having us sell a similar item for you, please contact us here.

October 26, 2019 Auction Catalog

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Extremely Rare Four-Gallon Stoneware Presentation Churn with Cobalt Decoration of a Woman, Inscribed "R. Read / 1855", attributed to Jacob Greenland, Cassville, Huntington Co., PA, 1855, tapered churn with pronounced collar and ribbed lug handles, decorated under one handle with a brushed design of a woman with outstretched arms on a stylized ground. Inscribed under opposite handle with the underscored name and date, "R. Read / 1855." Cobalt highlights to handle terminals. The figural decoration on this churn, stylistically related to the people designs of Morgantown, WV and nearby Uniontown and Connellsville, PA, was made by Jacob Greenland, a Cassville, PA potter and member of the prolific Greenland potting family. Jacob Greenland (1804-1867), was the youngest brother of early Morgantown, WV earthenware potter, Abner Greenland (1783-1830). Abner Greenland married the sister of Morgantown, WV potter, John W. Thompson, a man responsible for bringing brushed figural decoration to the region. Abner Greenland would later establish a pottery in Uniontown, PA that would be carried on by his son, Norval, an establishment also known for producing people-decorated stoneware. The churn's owner, "R. Read," refers to Richardson Read, a Cassville merchant who is listed in the 1850 U.S. Federal Census schedule on the very same page as Jacob Greenland. This churn, easily valued for its decorative appeal alone, extends the Morgantown school of people designs into another region and pottery, and is considered a significant new discovery in regional stoneware. Indeed, it is the only known example we are aware of that can be attributed to the Greenland family pottery in Cassville--one that operated from 1842 all the way into the twentieth century, but for whom no known signed work exists. Restored cracks, not affecting the figural decoration. A restored chip to one handle. Rim and base chips. H 17".

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