Exceptional Phoenix Factory, Edgefield District, SC Stoneware Jug w/ Two-Color Slip Decoration and 1840 Date

October 22, 2016 Stoneware Auction

Lot #: 442

October 22, 2016 Auction Catalog

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Exceptional Three-Gallon Stoneware Jug with Two-Color Slip Decoration, Dated 1840, attributed to Phoenix Factory, Shaw's Creek, Edgefield District, SC, 1840, ovoid jug with double-collared spout, the surface covered in a greenish alkaline glaze and decorated with iron slip drapes, the two side drapes embellished with scalloped lines in kaolin slip, the central drape underscored with a kaolin slip line and inscribed "1840". Shoulder incised with a vertical column of three punctates, indicating three gallons. A column of five more-subtle, glazed-over punctates is visible on the reverse, below the upper handle terminal. This jug is believed to be the only dated example of Phoenix Factory stoneware known, as well as the earliest slip-decorated piece produced in Edgefield. The 1840 date may commemorate the opening of this important manufactory, which involved Collin Rhodes and Robert Mathis as owners and Thomas Chandler as its primary potter. This stoneware manufactory existed from 1840 to 1850 and is credited with popularizing slip decoration in the region. Several surviving examples of Phoenix Factory stoneware, including this jug, reveal a level of artistry previously unseen in Edgefield. Relatively few Edgefield stoneware pieces of the decorative quality and historical significance of this jug are made available for public sale. Spout reglued. Otherwise excellent condition with some minor base chips. H 15 1/4".

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